Political Environment

  Crisis Rebuild & Reform Transition Transformation Resilience
Political Dialogue Lack of political dialogue regarding infrastructure amongst fractions from different regions or groups Evidence of initiatives towards political dialogue to resolve political differences Formal dialogue between political parties exists with reference to infrastructure policy Instruments of government facilitating inclusion and dialogue exist throughout the regions of the country There exists a culture of democracy and good governance, facilitating the development & implementation of infrastructure policy
Agreements Supported When political agreements regarding infrastructure reform are reached, they are quickly broken Lack of proper frameworks for consultations between groups A number of political dialogues have been conducted; laws affecting infrastructure have been enacted Instruments of government exist throughout the regions of the country leading to greater citizen confidence in the political system Existence of an institutionalized framework for political dialogue, power sharing, and the support of infrastructure operations
Political Understanding Majority of public community have minimal understanding of how political processes affect access to infrastructure Citizens have begun to understand political processes and are increasingly willing and able to engage in civil discourse People have begun to feel confident about participating in political processes, including political parties and elections – making their voices heard Free and fair elections are held regularly, with access to infrastructure being a policy issue discussed by candidates Citizens have good understanding of the political process and are able to express their views regarding performance of infrastructure
Accountability There are no checks and balances on the executive branch of government Elected officials are only weakly accountable to the electorate; political rhetoric emphasizes group benefits rather than infrastructure performance. Basic political systems, processes and institutions of state are established but still face capacity constraints in delivering services, especially outside the capital city Key institutions are in place and function effectively, such as an Anti-Corruption Commission and Office of the Ombudsman (or Public Counsel to represent customers in regulatory proceedings) Effective oversight institutions are created, providing effective checks and balance: oversight agencies are professional, responsive, transparent and inclusive