Laws & Governance

  Crisis Rebuild & Reform Transition Transformation Resilience
Role of State The state is not present throughout the country Service delivery by the government has begun to expand beyond the nation’s capital Institutions are in place to support dialogue among stakeholders and political parties – but there is an ongoing lack of constructive cooperation (and consensus) required for long term decision making by operators Instruments of government exist throughout the regions of the country, enabling some infrastructure investments (mainly funded by government) Political consensus regarding infrastructure sectors as prerequisites for economic and social development.  Some government funding of investments, with increased private participation
System of Governance Traditional systems of governance have broken down or are effective only at the local level Accountability mechanisms are still relatively weak Divisions of competencies is clearly defined in the constitution but implementation is still weak Government officials are elected through a credible, non-violent and democratic political process. Regulatory institutions emphasize professionalism Clear separation of powers within government which facilitates conflict resolution and policy implementation
Basis of Governmental Decisions Basis for political, social and economic progress is often dependent on allegiances to an important figure rather than based on individual merit Maintenance of ethno-regional or political imbalances in presidential, public and political appointments People in national governments can be using power to favor their tribal group/region or political party Political parties are beginning to place some priority on the actual performance of the ICT, energy and water/wastewater sectors rather than on promises and rhetoric The government is responsive; it is active in fighting corruption and building strong and merit-based institutions related to infrastructure, including regulatory agencies and utilities
Capacity and Accountability ‘Personalization’ of government and its services undermines the state’s ability to collect taxes and to efficiently utilize resources Civil service is poorly remunerated, weak and politicized; professionals are depleted in numbers and quality; corruption and nepotism still dominate National procurement legislation has been established, though procurement capacities are still weak; number and capacities of civil servants has begun to improve Better use of internet and communication technology in public administration to promote transparency and accountability Well trained, high performing civil servants; good employment  conditions; public institutions (such as oversight agencies) function well both at national and sub-national levels