Institutions for Security & Justice

  Crisis Rebuild & Reform Transition Transformation Resilience
Security Conditions Large-scale and prevailing continuous conflict and non-governed spaces that have damaged infrastructure networks The intensity of conflict and political violence is manageable compared with earlier periods State has begun to control the security situation – facilitating long term planning by policy-makers and infrastructure managers The security situation has remained peaceful and stable for around 5 years Peace and security have prevailed for a long time, greatly reducing risks facing investors
Justice Institutions Justice institutions (such as courts and appeals procedures) only exist at the national level, but these involve significant delays and tend to be politically-driven Justice institutions are present in some districts but are still relatively ineffective Justice institutions in some districts have begun to function effectively, although there are still problems with costs, timeliness and access Courts are present and relatively effective in most areas, with alternative dispute resolution mechanisms in place Efficient and effective courts are present in all districts; all public communities have access to judicial assistance
Public Administration for Security & Justice Weak public finance management, including procurement systems and limited skilled personnel or systems in place. Security forces sometimes plunder to obtain resources Public finance management reforms have begun to be identified and implemented; budget execution problems remain as agencies have challenges in following budgets, with increased extra-budgetary expenditures. Lack of professionalism within the court system Legal framework for public finance starts to be implemented and disciplinary system for civil servants has been introduced, administrative sanctions are applied to non-performing civil servants, including soldiers Improvement in performance of civil servants; size of civil service is appropriate for tasks, with strong administrative and planning processes Public financial management systems and control mechanisms functioning well; strengthened budget discipline and strengthened intergovernmental fiscal transfer system to sub-national level
Regulatory Framework Systematic erosion of state institutions and systems of regulation through rent-seeking activities to ensure regime survival: no effective regulatory frameworks for service delivery in place Development plan in place, with relevant policies being developed and significant progress in the delivery of basic services although this is still largely donor funded. NGOs deliver some core services with government oversight Regulatory framework is greatly enhanced but limited in efficiency; there has been some development of policies on services targeting equal geographic distribution and access, with service provision expanding into rural districts Improvements in regulatory agency staffing and leadership; rulings are beginning to be data-driven rather than politically-driven Strong policy frameworks exist, facilitating the better use of statistics to improve infrastructure performance; public participation enables stakeholder input